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It is International Framework for Certification of Seeds, moving into International Seed Market.

1. The variety/Hybrid should be enlisted under National list of OECD Seed scheme.

2. Registration of seed producing firm and seed processing plant.

a. Variety/ hybrid notified under Indian Seeds Act-1966 and are having export potential

b. Variety/Hybrid hybrid registered under PPVFRA – 2001

c. Variety/Hybrid that are undergone multi location testing for at least 2 years in public system(ICAR, SAU’s)

d. Variety/hybrid that are undergone multi location in-house testing consiquitively for two years with appropriate checks

e. The variety/Hybrid which are enlisted in any one of the OECD member country (OECD Seed Schemes).

The Joint Secretary (Seeds). GOI is the National Designated Authority (NDA) for implementation of OECD seed schemes in the India and hence the application for enlisting should be sent to the NDA along with prescribed documents.

India is participating in 6 OECD Seed Schemes

i. Cereals

ii. Maize

iii. Sorghum

iv. Grasses and legumes

v. Crucifers and other oil or fibre species

TSSOCA as a Designated Authority(DA) for 7 states Namely, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala including two Union Territories namely Pudhucherry and Lakshadweep.

i. Pre-Basic ( Breeder seed in Indian system)

ii. Basis seed ( Foundation seed in Indian system)

iii. Certified seed( I and III)

iv. Not finally certified seed

v. Standard seed( Only for vegetables)

The seed which is to be exported from the country of production after field approval before final certification.

i. Application in Form – II

ii. Seed source details like labels and certificates

iii. Varietal descriptions

iv. Pre-control test details for pre-basic and basic seeds

v. Grower list

vi. Registration fees

S.NO. Category Source
1 Pre-Basic Breeder Seed
2Basic SeedPre-Basic / Breeder
3Certified seedBasic seed

i. Company registration certificate

ii. Seed license

iii. R and D Certificates

iv. Application in Form –I

v. Shall be subjected to Renewal for every year

i. Application in Form – IX A

ii. Seed processing plant Authorisation Certificate

iii. Seed licence

iv. Details of Machinery along with capacity

v. Subjected to Renewal for every year

S.NO Indian Seed Certification System OECD Varietal Certification System
1.

Nucleus Seed

  • Produced,Controlled and maintained by the maintainers/breeder.
  • Carries breeder’s certificate.
  • Used for breeder seed multiplication.

Breeders Maintenance Material

  • Checked against DUS Centers , Controlled and maintained by the maintainer/breeder.
  • Carries Maintainer/breeder Labels.
  • Used for pre-basic seed multiplication.
2.

Breeder Seed

  • Carries Golden Yellow Tag
  • Controlled by monitoring team by experts .
  • Grow Out Test is conducted for certain crops
  • Produced through Breeder Seed Production Center based on the indents.
  • Used for Foundation class seed multiplication.

Pre-Basic Seed

  • Carries White Label with diagonal Violet Stripe
  • Controlled by official Maintainer + Designated Authority.
  • Subject to compulsory pre-control test.
  • Cannot be commercialized and it has to be used for further multiplication.
  • Produced officially by the recognized Institute/organization.
3.

Foundation Seed

  • Carries White Colour Tag
  • Controlled by official seed certification agency directly and no role of maintainer.
  • GOT test is not compulsory and only on need based undertaken.
  • Produced through registered seed producers / growers.
  • Can be used for Foundation stage I (F1) to Foundation stage II (F2) multiplication .
  • Used for multiplication of Certified Class seeds.
  • Initial validity period of 9 months from the date of test and subsequently six months.

Basic Seed

  • Carries White Labe
  • Controlled by official Maintainer + Designated Authority.
  • Subject to compulsory pre-control test.
  • Cannot be commercialized and it has to be used for further multiplication
  • Produced officially by the recognized Institute/organization.
  • No validity period.
4.

Certified Seed

  • Carries Azure Blue Tag
  • Controlled by official seed certification agency directly
  • GOT test is not compulsory and only on need based undertaken.
  • Produced through registered seed producers / growers.
  • Can be used for certified stage I (C1) to certified stage II (C2) multiplication on specific cases.
  • Initial validity period of 9 months from the date of test and subsequently six months.

Certified Seed

  • (C1): Carries Blue Label
  • (C2… ): Carries Red Label
  • Not under Breeder’s/Maintainers control however consulted for the number of multiplication. DA’s and Controlling Authorities under take the quality control including post control test + provision of Patent Royalty to the Maintainers / Breeder’s.
  • Used for the commercial multiplication/sale.
  • No validity period

Not Finally Certified Seed

  • Carries Azure Blue Tag
  • Carries Grey Label
  • Seed which is to be exported from the country of production after field approval, but before final certification as basic or certified seed is called not finally certified seeds.

Standard Seed:

  • Carries Dark Yellow Label
  • This category mainly exists in vegetable seed scheme
  • Seed which declared by the supplier as being true to the variety and of satisfactory varietal purity. It must conform to the appropriate conditions in the Scheme.

Pre Control Test: Refers to verification of genetic purity of source seed for early generation seed classes (Pre basic/Basic Seed). This test may be conducted one season prior to the seed production of pre-basic and basic seed or test may be conducted simultaneously with seed production. The DA may reject the seed crops sown with seed lots which have failed in pre-control plots

Post – Control Test: This is conducted immediately or in the following season from the samples drawn from seed lots produced in the earlier season. Every seed lots of Basic & Pre-Basic seed class and 5-10% of the certified seed class are subjected to post-control test. The main objective is to assess the efficiency of seed certification programme to ensure the integrity of the OECD seed schemes.

Yes, along with OECD & ISTA seed Analysis certificates need to obtain phytosanitory certificate from plant quantities department & import permit from importing country.